SUBJECT: It was the warmest of times; it was the coldest of times
         (sometimes during the same day)
	 Saint Cloud October 1999 weather summary

	After a month of roller-coaster temperatures, October 1999 in St.
Cloud averaged nearly normal temperatures for the month. The average
temperature was within 0.2 degrees of normal. However, the daily record
tells a different story. The high temperature was more than 10 degrees off
the daily normal on 13 days during the month (9 above, 4 below). The low
temperature was more than 10 degrees off the daily normal on 8 days
(1 above, 7 below). This combination produced an October average
high temperature 1.5 degrees above normal and an average October low
2.0 degrees below normal.
         The wild swings from warm to cold were produced by being
located near the jet stream while some awfully warm air stayed in the High
Plains and some very cold air drained out of northern Canada. The close
proximity allowed both types of air into Minnesota during the month.
         The very dry conditions (.85 inch below normal; only .46 of rainfall 
until October 29) also helped to create extremes. Dry air has a weaker 
"greenhouse effect" than moist air since water vapor absorbs some of the sun's
warmth on the way to the ground during the day. At night, water vapor also 
absorbs some of the outgoing Earth's radiation and sends it back. So, air with
less moisture will tend to have more extremes (warmer daytime highs, colder
nighttime lows), much like a desert climate.
          While the normal October daily temperature range (difference
between high and low temperatures) is 23 degrees, October 1999 had 14 days
with at least a 30 degree sprea, six of which had a spread of at least
35 degrees. The wildest day was on the 9th with a morning low of 37,
followed by an afternoon high of 79.

SUMMARY FOR OCTOBER 1999               OCT 1999         NORMAL
Average high temperature ( F)            58.9            57.4
Average low temperature ( F)             32.4            34.4
Average temperature ( F)                 45.7            45.9
Warmest high for this month ( F)         77 on the 7th
Coolest high for this month ( F)         45 on the 1st (broke record; see
Mildest low for this month ( F)          77 on the 7th
Coldest low for this month ( F)          18 on the 24th

Record temperatures ( F):                
Daily coldest high:			 45 on the 1st (old record: 46 in 1944)

October                                   1.36            2.21
Greatest in 24 hours (Oct 1999)           0.78 on the 29th
Bob Weisman, Meteorology Professor	SUPERVISOR: Shirley (age 7 1/2)
Earth Sciences Department		PHONE: (320) 255-3247 (V)
MS 48                                          (800) 627-3529 (TTY via
Saint Cloud State University                        Minnesota Relay Service)
720 4th Avenue South			FAX:   (320) 255-4262
Saint Cloud, Minnesota 56301-4498  	EMAIL: scsweisman@tigger.

Dad: So, what do you want to be for Halloween this year?
Shirley: Queen of the world.
(next morning after buying a tiara, dress, and magic wand/scepter)
Shirley (waiving wand): I'm casting a spell on you. You will be fat!

Red Sox: lost 11 of last 12 ALCS games; no title since 1918
Bruins: 0-5-4 worst start in 34 yrs; no Stanley Cup since 1972
Patriots: "We decided to stay with our game plan," i.e. treat a rookie 
          running QB like the statute that is Dan Marino; 
          0-3 in title games (avg score: Opps. 41  Patriots 14)
Celtics: 2 deaths in last 15 yrs; Dwayne Schinzius on roster
Politics: Michael Dukakis (need I say more?)

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Last modified: November 8, 1999